How is ischemic heart disease treated: medications, angioplasty, BY-PASS?

The treatment is long-term and aims to reduce the occurrence of complications such as myocardial ischemia. Limiting risk factors is also important. And it is also necessary to exclude the consumption of inappropriate food, alcoholism, smoking.

All this is supposed to slow down the process of atherosclerosis.

Are administered medicines to improve blood flow and medications that affect blood clotting. Examples are beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, nitrates, Anopyrin or other blood thinners, statins.

Of course, there is sufficient treatment for related diseases, such as high blood pressure or diabetes.

Subsequently, mechanical treatment, ie angioplasty,  can be used. This is part of the diagnostic and treatment method. Also referred to as PKI or PTCA, which is short for percutaneous coronary intervention.

The catheterization device is inserted into the coronary arteries through the peripheral artery. After the injection of the contrast medium, the patency of the coronary artery is verified during the X-ray examination. Subsequently, the narrowed vessel is dilated, ballooned and STENT is inserted into it.

Another technique is cardiac surgery, which is performed with severe coronary artery disease. If the PKI is not sufficient. An example is the known cardiac BYPASS.

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