ABSI - body shape index. Calculate the risk of obesity and disease
ABSI = A Body Shape Index
This is a modern and more accurate calculation that reflects the amount of risk of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases.
It is more accurate than the BMI and WHR index.
In general, it states that health is compromised if a person is too thin or, conversely, obese and has a large belly.
Formula for calculating ABSI:
ABSI = waist circumference / (BMI⅔ x height½)
ABSI takes into account:
- body weight,
- waist circumference.
The BMI does not distinguish between muscle mass and fat. The BMI result may therefore be inaccurate. Considering the health risks, the WHR index is slightly more accurate. However, the ABSI is even slightly better in terms of accuracy.
The advantage of BMI is speed and the advantage of WHR/ABSI is accuracy. However, WHR/ABSI work with more data and are more complex.
Table: ABSI index and cardiovascular disease risk measure
Table: health risks according to ABSI z scores
|Risk||ABSI value with|
|very low||less than -0,868|
|low||between -0,868 and -0,272|
|average||between -0,272 and +0,229|
|high||between +0,229 and +0,798|
|very high||more than +0,798|
High ABSI = high proportion of abdominal fat compared to the rest of the body = increased risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes or cancer.
Of course, it estimates these risks based only on the proportion or shape of the body. It does not take into account other factors, as there may be other associated diseases.
More information can be found in the following articles:
- BMI: How to calculate body mass index? Calculator + formula
- Are you familiar with metabolic syndrome and its complications?
- How to prevent cardiovascular disease?
- What is the difference between overweight and obesity?
- Overweight and obesity in children, adolescents and young adults. What to do against it?
- Obesity and its health consequences. It is not just a problem of aesthetics
- Overweight and obesity in adults and children as a risk of complications? + Causes at a glance
- Malnutrition: what causes it and what are its consequences + Types
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